Eating Disorders Myths and Facts (All You Need To Know)

Eating Disorders Myths and Facts (All You Need To Know)

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People choose to have an eating disorder, right? You may be surprised at some people who believe this! Yes, it’s one of the sad things about eating disorders and getting treatment for them. Too many people believe all the myths, and it leads to so many sufferers holding back from seeking the treatment they need. If you know someone who has an eating disorder, whether its anorexia, bulimia or even binge eating disorder, you need to know the facts surrounding the illness. Yes, an eating disorder is a mental illness, and it’s time to remove the stigma surrounding it. We can’t always understand the person suffering from the illness or why they do, but we can take to understand the ways that we can help them. For those who have been recently diagnosed with an eating disorder, this article will help you too. There are chances that you’ve heard the myths and don’t know the facts. You may be worried about seeking the right help or telling those close to you that you have an illness. There are high chances that you are worried about how people will react. Here’s all everyone needs to know about eating disorders: both the myths and the facts.

Myth #1: Eating Disorders are a Lifestyle Choice

Too many people minimize the seriousness of eating disorders with this statement. Yes, there will be some people who choose to count calories and limit their diets. But those with eating disorders are not the same. This is not a lifestyle choice. Do you really think someone would choose not to eat enough to sustain their bodily needs? Would someone choose to be so strict with their diets that they run the risk of killing themselves from malnutrition? Eating disorders are a serious mental illness. By understanding that, you’re helping those close to you get the mental health help that they desperately need. You support them while they struggle with the treatments. Unfortunately, the treatment isn’t as simple as eating more. That would help to counteract the symptoms of the eating disorder, but will not help to treat the issue in mind. There is a voice telling them not to eat too many calories or to binge eat and then purge. There is something in their head telling them that they’re too fat or skinny and that food is the way to counter this. The problem is treating the mind much harder than treating physical illnesses. You must get into the psychological reasoning behind the beliefs. It’s like trying to treat depression, anxiety, and other mental illnesses. Before you consider the other myths about eating disorders, accept that the problem isn’t a lifestyle choice. This is a genuine illness and an extremely serious one.

Myth #2: Those with Eating Disorders Believe they’re Fat

The most commonly spoken about an eating disorder is anorexia. You will hear stories about how people eat very little to lose weight quickly. Even when they look like skin and bones, they continue to believe that they are too fat. Well, not all eating disorders are like that. Some people think they are too skinny. Even if they weight 400lbs, they can think that they need to eat more. And then there are those who’s feelings aren’t even connected to their body shape or their weight. It’s not that they think they need to gain or lose weight. They have other compulsions that cause them to limit the food they eat or binge daily. For some, it’s about getting the control in life through food. They may feel like their life is completely out of order and control the amount of food that they eat is the only way that they can bring some control back. They get meticulous about counting calories both in and out—yes, some will weight their feces to make sure they can count the calories that have left their body! Now, do you see why this is so difficult to treat? Those helping someone with an eating disorder change the way they eat to understand why the person has the eating disorder in the first place! It’s not a simple illness and is certainly not that lifestyle choice myth #1 considers.

Myth #3: It’s Just a Normal Part of Dieting

When you look at how eating disorders start, they do look like normal parts of dieting in many cases. That is certainly the case when it comes to adolescent girls in studies. Many have simply wanted to lose weight and have turned to the early elements of eating disorders to make it happen. Some girls will fast for long period, or they will force themselves to vomit. They don’t think that there is a problem and that they’re just dieting to lose weight. As those with eating disorders continue, they start to lose control. They don’t know when to stop, and they struggle with the mental illness side. At the same time, they think that they’re still just dieting.
Well, the early signs are not just normal part of dieting. A healthy diet will consist of losing weight slowly by getting enough nutrients to support the body. For those with eating disorders, it’s not about losing weight healthily and supporting the body but about getting to that one goal of being a smaller dress size. Some dieting is normal for healthy people. These individuals know when to stop and how to maintain a healthy weight afterward. They follow healthy plans and partake in a regular and recommended exercise program. They will follow advice from the creators of the exercise plan. Those with eating disorders don’t do this. And some with eating disorders won’t lose weight. Remember that there are some who think they are too skinny. The focus is on gaining weight, even if they are already at a healthy weight or overweight.

Myth #4: It’s Just a Phase or for Attention

Many of the myths come from a time when mental illness was something to brush under the carpet. It wasn’t a real thing, and those with serious mental illnesses were stigmatized. Some people were given lobotomies or went through shock therapies to “get rid of the problem.” When it came to issues like eating disorders, they were viewed as a phase. It’s worth pointing out that most sufferers are adolescent girls. This is due to the focus on weight, looks, and the food they eat. Girls would go through a phase of eating little so that they would be like their friends, and it was expected that they would “grow out of it.” If it weren’t viewed as a phase, it would be viewed as attention seeking. After all, eating so little would attract the attention of their parents. It would pull the topic from other events onto why the personal wasn’t eating enough, was binging on food, or was constantly throwing up. There wasn’t a focus on getting help but on finding reasons for it happening. While we’re on this topic, the eating disorders are not individuals being picky. It will be tricky to help them while they go through treatments, but they’re not choosing to make life hard for you. They need help with this serious illness. Neither of these is the case with eating disorders. This stems back to the idea that this is just a lifestyle choice. Nobody chooses to stick to a dangerous diet. They’re not doing this so you will look at them or because they’re going through a phase in their life. Anybody can suffer from an eating disorder. Young females are more common, but absolutely anybody can suffer at some point in their life. And they all need the same type of help. They are all suffering from the same mental illness. You may find that someone with an eating disorder doesn’t make it clear at first—taking out the attention seeking argument from the equation. People with eating disorders hide what they’re doing. They will hide wrappers in their bedroom or make it look like they’re eating plenty. You may not realize until they start losing or gaining large amounts of weight in a short space of time.

Myth #5: Only White, Young Females are Affected

From reading this, you should know that this myth isn’t true. The problem with this is that most stories you hear do involve young white females. In fact, the studies you read will mostly be about pre-teen or teenage females from white families. There are a few studies or TV shows that have focused on others, but these are the exceptions and not the norm. It’s time to get this myth out of your head right now. Like with any other illness—mental or physical—this can affect absolutely anyone. Illnesses don’t discriminate. Most people will be young, white females. Young people are the most impressionable. They’re still learning about the way of the world, and they are more likely to give into peer pressure. They are also the ones most likely to be bullied, which can lead to the need to get more control in their life. White females also tend to be the most impressionable when it comes to weight and food. The media and others push on ideals on body shape and weight. These young females believe that they need to look like the stick-thin models they see or the way that people on TV look. They don’t realize that magazine images are Photoshopped or cleverly taken to miss out the real figures. That doesn’t stop others from being affected. In fact, some studies show that 25% of anorexia sufferers are male and 40% of binge eaters or bulimia are likely to be male. These facts can be surprising, considering that there is a view that men should have more muscles. Remember that myth about eating disorders being connected to weight. This isn’t always the case! Those who take part in sports, have other mental illnesses, or have high-stress lifestyles are more likely to suffer from eating disorders. They want to get the control back in their life, and the easiest way to do that is through the food they eat and the calories they take in.

Myth #6: The Families/Parents are to Blame

This myth does have some truth in it but not in the way that you would initially think. We’ll get into the truth in a minute, but let’s focus on the reasoning behind the myth first. This myth stems from the misunderstanding about eating disorders. Remember that myth about eating disorders being a cry for attention? Well, there was the belief once that parents or families caused the need for youngsters to cry out for attention or go through these phases. There was also the belief that strict lifestyles led to people suffering from eating disorders. Stricter lifestyles can lead to children wanting to lash out. They are more likely to binge later in life because they didn’t get to do it when they were younger. Those who were belittled by their parents or had other pressures placed upon them may turn to anorexia to control their food and their calories. But it’s not actually the parental methods. In fact, many sufferers will have supportive families. They came from positive backgrounds and had very little stress put upon them. At no point did their families contribute to their eating disorders. So how do the parents connect? Well, this is in the case of the treatment. Those with eating disorders need support. It’s like those who suffer from substance or alcohol abuse and those with depression or anxiety. People with mental illnesses need to know that there are others on their side. In fact, the support from family members and close friends is crucial in overcoming the debilitating mental illnesses. It’s no secret that family members are also affected by the eating disorders. They can feel distressed about the things that are happened, stressed over how to care for someone with an eating disorder, and guilty that they let it get so far or didn’t see the signs sooner. Some people are even scared of the daily routine, especially when it comes to food.

Understand the Myths and Learn the Truths

It’s time to distinguish between the myths and the facts. There are some truths to the myths. After all, your support could make a world of difference to the person with the eating disorder. When you are there to rally them through the treatments, they are more likely to feel like they can get through their mental illness. They see the light on the other side and know that they have someone to lean on when things get a little too hard. By understanding the myths and learning more about the truths behind eating disorders, you are better able to support them. You can spot the signs earlier, encourage treatment, and understand more about the reasons behind the eating disorders. Whether it’s anorexia, bulimia, or binge eating, eating disorders are not a way of life or a choice. They are serious mental illnesses that require treatment.
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SP2: Suicidal Thoughts?

What Causes Suicidal Thoughts?  You aren’t alone.  Suicidal thoughts happen when people feel like they can’t cope with what is happening in their life.  It can be due to an overwhelming situation, which could be financial, the death of somebody they love, breaking up, or a devastating illness. This may cause a feeling of bleakness, and this gives way to the thought that killing themselves is an answer. If the person’s mental state is heightened enough, suicide may seem to be the only exit. There doesn’t always have to be an overwhelming event to have overwhelming thoughts.  Behavioral health experts believe there may be genetic reasons related to a higher risk of suicidal thoughts; individuals with these thoughts may have a family history of them. Psychological factors that lead to these thoughts… http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/kc/suicidal-thoughts-ideation-193026]]>

SP4: How to Help

What to do when someone is suicidal/ How to Help It might be uncomfortable and even unsettling, but if a friend of loved one tells you they are having suicidal thoughts they have let you in.  By letting you in they are telling you that they are open to help. The next steps are very important, and what you say could be significant.  Even more significant is learning what not to say.  Here is a list of ten things that are surprisingly common you shouldn’t say when someone tells you they are having suicidal thoughts.

  1. 1. “How could you think of suicide? Your life’s not that bad.” 
  2. 2. “Don’t you know I would be devastated if you killed yourself? How could you think of hurting me like that?” 
  3. 3. “Suicide is selfish.” 
  4. 4. “Suicide is cowardly.” 
  5. 5. “You don’t mean that. You don’t really want to die.” 
  6. 6. “You have so much to live for.”  
  7. 7. “Things could be worse.”  
  8. 8. “Other people have problems worse than you and they don’t want to die.” 
  9. 9. “Suicide is a permanent solution to a temporary problem.” 
  10. 10. “You will go to hell if you die by suicide.”
Full article:  http://www.speakingofsuicide.com/2015/03/03/what-not-to-say/ It helps to know what not to do, but even more impactful is learning what to do.  When someone you know appears suicidal, you might not know what to do. Learn warning signs, what questions to ask and how to get help. When someone says he or she is thinking about suicide, or says things that sound as if the person is considering suicide, it can be very upsetting. You may not be sure what to do to help, whether you should take talk of suicide seriously, or if your intervention might make the situation worse. Taking action is always the best choice. Here’s what to do.

Start by asking questions

 The first step is to find out whether the person is in danger of acting on suicidal feelings. Be sensitive, but ask direct questions, such as:
  • How are you coping with what’s been happening in your life?
  • Do you ever feel like just giving up?
  • Are you thinking about dying?
  • Are you thinking about hurting yourself?
  • Are you thinking about suicide?
  • Have you ever thought about suicide before, or tried to harm yourself before?
  • Have you thought about how or when you’d do it?
  • Do you have access to weapons or things that can be used as weapons to harm yourself?
Asking about suicidal thoughts or feelings won’t push someone into doing something self-destructive. In fact, offering an opportunity to talk about feelings may reduce the risk of acting on suicidal feelings. Other teens talking about suicide and how to help

For immediate help:  Red “Help Now” Icon at top right for the National Suicide Hotline

If someone has attempted suicide:
  • Don’t leave the person alone.
  • Call 911 or your local emergency number right away. Or, if you think you can do so safely, take the person to the nearest hospital emergency room yourself.
  • Try to find out if he or she is under the influence of alcohol or drugs or may have taken an overdose.
  • Tell a family member or friend right away what’s going on.
 If a friend or loved one talks or behaves in a way that makes you believe he or she might attempt suicide, don’t try to handle the situation alone:
  • Get help from a trained professional as quickly as possible. The person may need to be hospitalized until the suicidal crisis has passed.
  • Encourage the person to call a suicide hotline number. In the U.S., call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-TALK (800-273-8255) to reach a trained counselor.
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SP5: What Happens When You Call A Hotline?

What Happens When You Call A Hotline? It can feel scary talking to someone you don’t know over the phone about easy things like asking for a table at a restaurant, so calling a Hotline might ratchet up the anxiety all the more.   One way to easy that nervousness is to better understand the process.  Or you can text! First, you’ll hear an automated message featuring additional options while your call is routed to your local Lifeline network crisis center. You’ll hear a little music while being connected to a skilled, trained crisis worker. A trained crisis worker will answer the phone, will listen to you, try to understand how your problem is affecting you, provide support, and get you the help you need. More about what happens at:  https://suicidepreventionlifeline.org/ Crisis Text Line Crisis Text Line is free, 24/7 support for those in crisis. Text 741741 from anywhere in the US to text with a trained Crisis Counselor. Crisis Text Line trains volunteers to support people in crisis. With over 42 million messages processed to date, we’re growing quickly, but so is the need. https://www.crisistextline.org/

Both available from the red “Help Now” icon at top right of the screen

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SP6: Fighting Suicidal Thoughts

Fighting Suicidal Thoughts by Neel Burton If you feel you are being overcome by suicidal thoughts, something to hold on to is that many people who have attempted suicide and survived ultimately feel relieved that they did not end their lives. At the time of attempting suicide they experienced intense feelings of despair and hopelessness because it seemed to them that they had lost control over their lives and that things could never get better. The only thing that they still had some control over was whether they lived or died, and committing suicide seemed like the only option left. This is never true. If you are assailed by suicidal thoughts, the first thing to remember is that many people who have attempted suicide and survived ultimately feel relieved that they did not end their lives. At the time of attempting suicide they experienced intense feelings of despair and hopelessness because it seemed to them that they had lost control over their lives and that things could never get better. The only thing that they still had some control over was whether they lived or died, and committing suicide seemed like the only option left. This is never true. Some of the thoughts that may accompany suicidal thoughts include:

  • • I want to escape my suffering.
  • • I have no other options.
  • • I am a horrible person and do not deserve to live.
  • • I have betrayed my loved ones.
  • • My loved ones would be better off without me.
  • • I want my loved ones to know how bad I am feeling.
  • • I want my loved ones to know how bad they have made me feel.
Whatever thoughts you are having, and however bad you are feeling, remember that you have not always felt this way, and that you will not always feel this way. The risk of a person committing suicide is highest in the combined presence of (1) suicidal thoughts, (2) the means to commit suicide, and (3) the opportunity to commit suicide. If you are prone to suicidal thoughts, ensure that the means to commit suicide have been removed. For example, give tablets and sharp objects to someone for safekeeping, or put them in a locked or otherwise inaccessible place. At the same time, ensure that the opportunity to commit suicide is lacking. The surest way of doing this is by remaining in close contact with one or more people, for example, by inviting them to stay with you. Share your thoughts and feelings with these people, and don’t be reluctant to let them help you. If no one is available or no one seems suitable, there are a number of emergency telephone lines that you can ring at any time. You can even ring for an ambulance or take yourself to an Emergency Room. Do not use alcohol or drugs as these can make your behavior more impulsive and thereby significantly increase your likelihood of attempting suicide. In particular, do not drink or take drugs alone, or end up alone after drinking or taking drugs. Make a list of all the positive things about yourself and a list of all the positive things about your life, including the things that have so far prevented you from committing suicide (you may need to get help with this). Keep the lists on you, and read them to yourself each time you are assailed by suicidal thoughts. On a separate sheet of paper, write a safety plan for the times when you feel like acting on your suicidal thoughts. Your safety plan could involve delaying any suicidal attempt by at least 48 hours, and then talking to someone about your thoughts and feelings as soon as possible. Discuss your safety plan with a healthcare professional and commit yourself to it. Sometimes even a single good night’s sleep can significantly alter your outlook, and it is important not to underestimate the importance of sleep. If you are having trouble sleeping, speak to a physician. Example of a safety plan
  1. 1. Read through the list of positive things about myself.
  2. 2. Read through the list of positive things about my life and remind myself of the things that have so far prevented me from committing suicide.
  3. 3. Distract myself from suicidal thoughts by reading a book, listening to classical music, or watching my favorite film or comedy.
  4. 4. Get a good night’s sleep. Take a sleeping tablet if necessary.
  5. 5. Delay any suicidal attempt by at least 48 hours.
  6. 6. Call Stan on (phone number). If he is unreachable, call Julia on (phone number). Alternatively, call my healthcare professional on (phone number), or the crisis line on (phone number).
  7. 7. Go to a place where I feel safe such as the community centre or the sports centre.
  8. 8. Go to the Emergency Room.
  9. 9. Call for an ambulance.
Once things are a bit more settled, it is important that you address the cause or causes of your suicidal thoughts in as far as possible, for example, a mental disorder such as depression or alcohol dependence, a difficult life situation, or painful memories. Discuss this with your physician or another healthcare professional, who will help you to identify the most appropriate form of help available. ]]>

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